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Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

Firearms Industry

govdelivery logo Receive Firearms Industry News Updates ATF’s Firearms Industry pages contain information regarding the firearms industry and its members, classifications of firearms and the interpretation of the regulations codified under 27 CFR, Parts 447, 478 and 479.

Current Processing Times for ATF applications – As of 6/30/14 Industry Operating Investigator
Regulatory Notices
ATF Extends Timeframe to Comply with Ruling 2013-5
Open Letter to all West Virginia Federal Firearms Licensees
ATF Announces NEW Form 3311.4, Application for Alternate Means of Identification of Firearm(s) (Marking Variances) 4/29/14
Advisory Letter – Online Scam Using Fraudulent Federal Firearms Licenses

ATF 25I  - Interim Final Rule 2011R-25P – Importation of Arms, Ammunition and Defense Articles--Removal of Certain Defense Articles Currently on the U.S. Munitions Import List That No Longer Warrant Import Control Under the Arms Export Control Act

The effective date of this finale rule is April 28, 2014.  Comments on this interim final rule are due on or before June 25, 2014.  To submit a comment electronically, use the for Docket No. ATF 25I.  To submit comments by mail or fax, see the instructions included within the notice.  To view all comments and documents associated with this rulemaking, go to

Q&A on Succession of a License by a Same-Sex Spouse

Q:  May a same-sex spouse of a deceased licensee (including a Special (Occupational) Taxpayer) carry on the licensed firearms (or explosives) business for the remainder of the term of the license?

A:   Yes.  ATF interprets the term “spouse” in 27 CFR 478.56 and 479.42 (as well as 555.59), to mean a same-sex or opposite sex spouse whose marriage is valid in the jurisdiction in which it was performed.  A surviving spouse of a deceased licensee may carry on the licensed firearms or explosive business for the remainder of the term of the license as long as the state in which the real or personal property associated with the license is located, including the licensed business premises, recognizes the spouse as an individual with a legal right to the property of the licensed business.  ATF regulations do not address the devolution of real or personal property.  As provided by regulation, the successor must also furnish the license for that business to ATF for endorsement within 30 days from the date on which the successor begins to carry on the business.

ATF Ruling 2013-5 – Requirements to Keep Firearms Acquisition and Disposition Records Electronically
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking – Amended Definition of ‘‘Adjudicated as a Mental Defective’’ and ‘‘Committed to a Mental Institution’’1/7/14
Industry Advisory – Black Powder, Black Powder Substitutes, & Smokeless Powder
Each year in the United States hundreds of people are killed or injured by explosive devices, many of which involve black powder, black powder substitutes, and smokeless powder. ATF has partnered with DHS and FBI to ask industry members who distribute these powders, particularly employees involved in point-of-sale transactions, to familiarize themselves with behaviors that may indicate intent for unlawful use and to report suspicious activity. Industry members are asked to post this advisory where employees can view it and integrate awareness and suspicious activity reporting into formal training programs. Questions regarding this advisory program should be referred to
Unified Agenda and Regulatory Plan - Fall 2013
Personal Firearms Record (ATF P 3312.8) Now Available in Fillable Format
ATF announces the launch of the revised, now in fillable format, Personal Firearms Record (ATF Publication 3312.8), the document can also be found on our website in the Library, under Publications, Firearms.

Each year, thousands of firearms are reported lost or stolen. Your ability to adequately identify these firearms is central to law enforcement’s ability to investigate these crimes and losses. In the event of theft or loss, the firearm(s) can be fully identified for law enforcement, recovery and insurance purposes.

The Personal Firearms Record was developed to provide you an easy and complete way to maintain a record of their firearms. By completing this record and maintaining it in a safe location, with your other important documents and separate from your firearms, you will be taking an important first step in the effort to keep firearms out of the hands of criminals.

This record is for your personal use only. The information will not be collected or maintained by ATF or any other Federal Government agency.

Presidential Memoranda: Issued January 16, 2013
Tracing Firearms in Connection with Criminal Investigations; and Improving Availability of Relevant Executive Branch Records to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System. >> MORE
Top 12 Frequently Asked Firearms Questions & Answers ATF receives numerous telephone and electronic inquiries on a daily basis. In an effort to provide individuals with the most up-to-date information, ATF has compiled a list of the top 12 most frequently asked questions and provided answers to those questions. >> MORE
Top 12 Frequently Asked Firearms Questions & Answers

ATF receives numerous telephone and electronic inquiries on a daily basis. In an effort to provide individuals with the most up-to-date information, ATF has compiled a list of the top 12 most frequently asked questions and provided answers to those questions. >> MORE

Federal Firearms Licensee (FFL)
    National Firearms Act (NFA)
                   General Public
Collectors Firearms General
Conduct of Business—Licensees Machine Guns Firearms Technology
Curios & Relics Processing Times Misdemeanor Crime of Domestic Violence (MCDV)
Gun Smith Short Barreled Rifles & Shotguns Non-Immigrant Aliens
Importing - Exporting Silencers Unlicensed Persons
Annual Firearms Manufacturing
and Exportation Report (AFMER)
(ATF F 5300.11)
Semiautomatic Assault Weapons
And Large Capacity Ammunition
Feeding Devices (SAWS and LCAFDS)
Multiple Sales of Certain Rifles    
Records Required    
ATF Form 4473—Firearms Transaction Record    
Publications & Forms
  • FFL Newsletter Vol. 1 (Sept. 2013)
    What’s in this issue? Customer Service Standards, Active Federal Firearms License (FFL) Records, Best Practices, ATF Outreach Activies, New Moves in EPS, FBI/NICS News
  • FFL Newsletter Vol. 2 (Sept. 2013)
    What’s in this issue? Private Party Transfers, Updated ATF Website, Top 8 Questions Asked by FFLs on the ATF Website, Use of Computerized Software, Guidance for Requesting Marking Variances, Personal Firearms Record, and much more . . .
  • More FFL Newsletters
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