ATF

Sample Block


Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

If I purchase a firearm and manufacture/remanufacture it into a different firearm, do I need to report this as production?

Whether or not you need to report this as production depends upon whom you received the firearm from and the nature of the modifications you make. If you received the firearm (to include a firearm frame, receiver, action, or barreled action) from a licensed firearms dealer (Type 01 FFL) or a non-licensee, then you would not report it provided your modifications didnot change the firearm’s AFMER category. If your modifications altered the firearm’s AFMER category then you would include firearm in your AFMER report in the category of firearm you produced. If you received the firearm from another licensed manufacturer, then production would be reported once you entered it into commerce.
Examples:

  • You are a licensed manufacturer and obtain a riflefrom a non-licensee or firearms dealer. You remanufacture the rifle by adding custom parts and accessories before selling it at retail as a rifle.. You would not include the firearm in your AFMER report since the firearm waspreviously reported by its original manufacturer and your modifications did not change it into a different type of firearm.
  • You are a licensed manufacturer and obtain a used rifle from a non-licensee or firearms dealer. You strip off the parts and replace the receiver with a new receiver that you acquired from a licensed manufacturer then sell the firearm at retail. You would include this on your report as a rifle, since you entered the new receiver into commerce as a rifle. IN CONTRAST, if you had purchased the new receiver from a licensed dealer you would not report it since the original manufacturer would have reported it previously. You are a licensed manufacturer and obtain receivers from a manufacturer who sold them to you through their firearms dealer’s license. You use the receivers to manufacture rifles and sell them at retail. This would not be reported since the receiver manufacturer would have included them on its report when transferring them from its manufacturing inventory to its dealer's inventory.
  • You are a licensed manufacturer and obtain a rifle from a licensed dealer or non-licenseethen remanufacture it into a pistoland sell it at retail. This would be included in your AFMER report because your modification resulted in a change to the firearm’s type (i.e., from rifle to pistol). This would also be reportable for rifles turned into short-barreled rifles, semi-automatic weapons turned into machineguns, or any other remanufacturing that changes the AFMER classification of the weapon.