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Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

When filing an ATF Form 4, Application for Tax Paid Transfer and Registration of a Firearm, or ATF Form 5, Application for Tax Exempt Transfer and Registration of a Firearm, the applicant must also submit ATF Form 53

No, only the transfer application must be submitted in duplicate, as required by the National Firearms Act. Neither the regulations in 27 CFR Parts 478 or 479, nor the instructions for Form 4, Form 5, or Form 5330.20 state that Form 5330.20 must be submitted in duplicate. Accordingly, ATF needs only one copy of Form 5330.20 to be submitted with a Form 4 or Form 5 transfer application. See July 29, 2010, Open Letter posted on the ATF website.