Does a licensee need an export license to export a firearm, ammunition and firearms components?

The Departments of State and Commerce published companion final rules in the Federal Register to amend Categories I, II, and III of the U.S. Munitions List (USML) in the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). These final rules transfer export and temporary import controls for some firearms, ammunition, and parts and components from the Department of State to the Department of Commerce. Items transferred from the USML Categories I-III are subject to 500 and 600 series controls in Category 0 of the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Commerce Control List (CCL) in its Export Administration Regulations (EAR). The final rules went into effect March 9, 2020.

For further information, contact the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls or the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security.

When exporting NFA firearms, an ATF Form 9, Application and Permit for Per­manent Exportation of Firearms, must be approved by ATF prior to export.

[22 U.S.C. 2778; 27 CFR 479.114 and 479.116]

Last Reviewed May 22, 2020