When must firearms special (occupational) taxes be paid and how much are the taxes?

These taxes must be paid in full on first engaging in business and thereafter on or before the first day of July. The current taxes are set out in the following table:

Special (Occupational) Tax Rates Under the NFA

1 — Importer of Firearms (Including “Any Other Weapon”) $1000
2 — Manufacturer of Firearms (Including “Any Other Weapon”) $1000
3 — Dealer of Firearms (Including “Any Other Weapon”) $500
1 — Importer of Firearms (Including “Any Other Weapon”) REDUCED* $500
2 — Manufacturer of Firearms (Including “Any Other Weapon”) REDUCED* $500

* REDUCED = Rates which apply to certain taxpayers whose total gross receipts in the last taxable year are less than $500,000.


Federal firearms licensees (FFLs) engaging in this business should submit ATF Form 5630.7, Special Tax Registration and Return, prior to July 1 each tax year. Payment of the special (occupational) tax (SOT) can be made by check (see instructions on ATF Form 5630.7) or through Pay.gov (see instructions HERE). Annual renewal notices are no longer sent to each FFL/SOT payer. The NFA Division has a customer service goal to process the returns within 30 days of receiving a properly completed return.



A licensed manufacturer under contract to make NFA firearms for the U.S. Government may be granted an exemption from payment of the special (occupational) tax as a manufacturer of NFA firearms and an exemption from all other NFA provisions (except importation) with respect to the weapons made to fulfill the contract.

Exemptions are obtained by writing the NFA Division at the address below, stating the contract number(s) and the anticipated date of termination. This exemption must be renewed each year prior to July 1.

National Firearms Act (NFA) Division
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
244 Needy Road
Martinsburg, WV 25405
Phone: (304) 616-4500

[26 U.S.C. 5801; 27 CFR 479.31, 479.32, 479.32a and 479.33]

Last Reviewed March 26, 2024