Is a licensee required to complete an ATF Form 4473 and conduct a background check before transferring a privately made firearm (PMF) to an individual other than from whom it was received?

Yes. A PMF acquired by a licensee, for any purpose, that is returned to a person other than the person from whom it was received requires the licensee to mark the PMF appropriately (if not already marked pursuant to 478.92(a)(2)), record the PMF as an acquisition and disposition in their A&D record, record the transaction on an ATF Form 4473, and conduct a NICS background check before transferring the firearm. 

Last Reviewed July 22, 2022