Fact Sheet - Federal Firearms and Explosives Licenses by Types
ATF's Federal Firearms Licensing Center issues and renews Federal firearms licenses in accordance with the Gun Control Act of 1968.
ATF's Federal Explosives Licensing Center issues and renews Federal explosives licenses and permits submitted by industry members who manufacture, deal in, and import or receive explosive materials in accordance with the Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 and the Safe Explosives Act of 2002.
ATF issues nine types of federal firearms licenses and five types of explosives licenses and permits.
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives’ (ATF) Federal Firearms Licensing Center (FFLC) issues and renews federal firearms licenses (FFL) in accordance with the Gun Control Act of 1968.
The FFLC performs the following functions:
- Processes all FFL applications and reviews application data, conducts thorough background investigations and issues FFLs. The FFLC forwards FFL applications to the appropriate ATF field office, which coordinates field inspections and provides final approval to issue the FFL.
- Provides an official repository and archive of all FFL-related documents and ensures that all documents are properly prepared for digital imaging. Maintains audiotapes and CDs of licensee hearings related to administrative actions. Upon request, provides copies of documents and/or audio media regarding administrative hearings, congressional correspondence and Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests.
- Supports ATF investigations by providing Blue Ribbon Certifications and direct testimony to verify the licensed status of defendants and others related to criminal prosecutions or administrative actions.
Types of Federal Firearms Licenses:
- Type 01 - Dealer in Firearms Other Than Destructive Devices
- Type 02 - Pawnbroker in Firearms Other Than Destructive Devices
- Type 03 - Collector of Curios and Relics
- Type 06 - Manufacturer of Ammunition for Firearms Other Than Ammunition for Destructive Devices or Armor Piercing Ammunition
- Type 07 - Manufacturer of Firearms Other Than Destructive Devices
- Type 08 - Importer of Firearms Other Than Destructive Devices or Ammunition for Firearms Other Than Destructive Devices, or Ammunition Other Than Armor Piercing Ammunition
- Type 09 - Dealer in Destructive Devices
- Type 10 - Manufacturer of Destructive Devices, Ammunition for Destructive Devices or Armor Piercing Ammunition
- Type 11 - Importer of Destructive Devices, Ammunition for Destructive Devices or Armor Piercing Ammunition
The FELC performs the following additional functions:
- Upon receipt of FEL or FEP applications, enters the data into ATF’s FLS and transmits identification data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for required background checks. Depending upon the result of background checks and other factors, the FELC either issues letters of clearance or denial. The FELC also processes appeals from individuals whose background checks indicate that they are prohibited from receiving or possessing explosives.
- Serves as the official repository and archive for all FEL/FEP-related documents and ensures that all documents are properly prepared for digital imaging. The FELC provides copies of documents for court cases, congressional correspondence and FOIA requests.
- In support of ATF investigations, provides Blue Ribbon Certification and direct testimony to verify the licensed status of defendants and others related to criminal prosecutions or adverse actions.
- Works with ATF field offices to coordinate applicant inspections and obtain omitted or incomplete application data.
- Participates in explosives industry conferences, seminars and trade shows to promote voluntary compliance within the industry.
- Provides input regarding ATF rulings that clarifies regulations governing the industry’s business practices.
- User of Explosives
- Limited Permit Intrastate Only