Rules and Regulations Library

Title Description Category Document Type
West Virginia-Oct1998-Open Letter-Permanent Provisions of the Brady Law (84 KB) The purpose of this letter is to advise Federal firearms licensees in West Virginia of their responsibilities under the permanent provisions of the Brady law. Firearms Open Letter
ATF Proc 2017-1 - Private Firearms Transfers Through FFLs (74 KB)
The purpose of this ATF procedure is to set forth the recordkeeping and National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) procedures for federal firearms licensees (FFLs) who facilitate the transfer of firearms between private unlicensed individuals.
Firearms Ruling
ATF Proc. 2013-2: Recordkeeping procedure for non-over-the-counter-firearm sales by licensees to unlicensed in-state residents that are NICS exempt (55 KB)

This ATF procedure gives guidance to licensed importers, manufacturers, and dealers (licensees) on how to record the sale of a firearm to an unlicensed person who:

  1. Has a valid alternate permit or otherwise is exempt from National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) requirements;
  2. Resides in the same state as the licensee; and
  3. Does not appear in person at the licensee's business premises.
Firearms Ruling
ATF Proc. 90-1 - Identification Number for Special Occupational Taxpayer (296 KB)
The purpose of this ATF procedure is to inform federal firearms licensees who have paid the special (occupational) tax to import, manufacture, or deal in National Firearms Act (NFA) firearms of the discontinuance of the use of the ATF Identification Number and the replacement with the use of the Employer Identification Number (EIN) on all NFA transaction forms.
Firearms Ruling
ATF Proc. 75-3: Recordkeeping for drop shipments (249 KB)
This ATF Procedure sets forth the recordkeeping procedures for "drop shipments" of firearms (other than National Firearms Act firearms as defined in section 5845(a) of Chapter 53, Title 26, U.S.C.) and ammunition between federally licensed firearms dealers, importers, and manufacturers.
Firearms Ruling
AG 3608-2016: Background Checks for Responsible Persons of a Trust or Legal Entity With Respect to Making or Transferring a Firearm (3878 KB)

The Department of Justice is amending the regulations of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) regarding the making or transferring of a firearm under the National Firearms Act (NFA). This final rule defines the term "responsible person," as used in reference to a trust, partnership, association, company, or corporation; requires responsible persons of such trusts or legal entities to complete a specified form and to submit photographs and fingerprints when the trust or legal entity files an application to make an NFA firearm or is listed as the transferee on an application to transfer an NFA firearm; requires that a copy of all applications to make or transfer a firearm, and the specified form for responsible persons, as applicable, be forwarded to the chief law enforcement officer (CLEO) of the locality in which the applicant/transferee or responsible person is located; and eliminates the requirement for a certification signed by the CLEO. These provisions provide a public safety benefit as they ensure that responsible persons undergo background checks.

Firearms Ruling
AG Order No. 3607-2016 - Commerce in Firearms and Ammunition - Reporting Theft or Loss of Firearms in Transit (500 KB)

The Department of Justice is amending the regulations of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) concerning the statutory reporting requirement for firearms that have been stolen or lost. The final rule specifies that when a federal firearms licensee (FFL) discovers a firearm it shipped was stolen or lost in transit, the transferor/sender FFL must report the theft or loss to ATP and to the appropriate local authorities within 48 hours of discovery.

Firearms Ruling
AG Order 2650-2003: Federal Register Vol. 68, No. 21 (60 KB)

The Department of Justice, Office of the Pardon Attorney (OPA), is exempting a Privacy Act system of records entitled ‘‘Executive Clemency Case Files/Executive Clemency Tracking System (JUSTICE/OPA–001)’’ from subsections (c)(3), (c)(4), (d)(1), (d)(2), (d)(3), (d)(4), and (e)(5) of the Privacy Act. Information in this system relates to the investigation and evaluation of applicants for executive clemency and case-related correspondence regarding such applicants and the clemency process.

Resource Center Ruling
1976-24-State of Residency of Armed Service Members (782 KB)

A member of the Armed Forces on active duty is a resident of the State in which his permanent duty station is located. 

Firearms Ruling
1968-28-Importation of Firearms, Ammunition and Implements of War (2230 KB)

This circular announces the transfer of the Arms Import Control Program from the Secretary of State to the Secretary of the Treasury.

Firearms Industry Circular
1987-2--Revoking 44 obsolete ATF Rulings (259 KB)

Periodic review of outstanding rulings reflect the that the following list of rulings are obsolete because of expiration or changes to current laws and regulations.

Firearms Ruling
West Virginia-Jun2014-Open Letter-West Virginia's Concealed Handgun Licenses (CHLs) as Alternative to NICS Checks (53 KB)
The purpose of this open letter is to provide guidance regarding the West Virginia's Concealed Handgun Licenses (CHLs) issued on or after June 4, 2014 as an alternative to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) check.
Firearms Open Letter
2012-3 - AFMER Electronic Form (1442 KB)
Approved alternate method or procedure for licensed manufacturers to submit the Annual Firearms Manufacturing and Exportation Report (AFMER), ATF Form 5300.11, electronically using ATF eForms, provided all of the conditions set forth in this ruling are met. 
Firearms Ruling
2013-2 - NFA Electronic Forms (583 KB)
Approved alternate method or procedure for FFLs, legal entities, and government agencies to file ATF Forms 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, and 10 using ATF eForms, provided all of the conditions set forth in this ruling are met.   
Firearms Ruling
1955-342 - FFLS Assembling Firearms from Component Parts (173 KB)

A dealer who engages in the business of assembling firearms from component parts for purposes of sale or distribution in interstate or foreign commerce must be licensed as a manufacturer of firearms, pursuant to provisions of the Federal Firearms Act.  The manufacturer’s excise tax is imposed under the Internal Revenue Code of 1934 on the sale of firearms so produced. 

Firearms Ruling
1967-306 - Reactivate Unserviceable Firearms (240 KB)

A licensed manufacturer who also paid special (occupational) tax under the National Firearms Act may reactivate an unserviceable firearm for the purpose of sale or other disposition without incurring firearms “making” tax liability.

Firearms Ruling
1967-347 - Transfer Tax Liability (319 KB)

Transfer tax liability is not incurred where a shotgun or rifle coming within the purview of the National Firearms Act(NFA) is returned to the manufacturer for conversion into a weapon not coming within the provisions of the NFA.

Firearms Ruling
1958-109-Licensing Requirements Under Federal Firearms Act (328 KB)

Any person engaged in the business of selling firearms or pistol or revolver ammunition which are received in interstate commerce, either directly or indirectly, must obtain a Federal Firearms license.

Firearms Ruling
1987-1-Revoking 68 Obsolete ATF Rulings (398 KB)

Periodic review of outstanding rulings reflect the that the following list of rulings are obsolete because of expiration or changes to current laws and regulations.

Firearms Ruling
1970-14-Importation of Firearms, Ammunition and Implements of War (3268 KB)

This circular announces the issuance of a  new Treasury Department regulation, Part 180 of Title 26, Code of Federal Regulations, entitled Importation of Arms, Ammunition and Implements of War.

Firearms Industry Circular
1975-1-Penguns Classified as Firearms (902 KB)

This  circular announces the reclassification of small caliber weapons (such as penguns) ostensibly designed to expel only tear gas, similar substances or pyrotechnic signals, which may be converted to  expel a projectile by means of an explosive, as firearms.

Firearms Industry Circular
1985-2-Importation of National Firearms Act Curio and Relic Firearms (691 KB)

This circular provides information concerning the importation of National Firearms Act (NFA) firearms for use as a sample for sales to law enforcement agencies when such firearms have been determined to be curios or relics.                                                                                                                                                                                               

Firearms Industry Circular
1985-11-Surplus Military Firearms Frames or Receivers (652 KB)

This circular announces that ATF will allow the importation of surplus military curio or relic firearms that were previously prohibited from importation by 18 U.S.C. section 925(d)(3).

Firearms Industry Circular
1986-8-Curio and Relic Updates (1194 KB)

This circular announces an addition of firearms that have been classified as curios and relics during the period January 1985 through March 1986.

Firearms Industry Circular
1986-15-Armor Piercing Ammunition (841 KB)

This circular announces that the President signed Public Law 99-408, on August 28, 1986.  This law regulates the manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

Firearms Industry Circular
Email Updates

Subscribe to receive news and update from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives